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0001 Forestry Management / Forestry

Myth:
Building wooden houses entails cutting down trees and therefore, has a negative effect on forest area (deforestation) and the planet) (Co2 emissions and climate change).
Reality:
At present, forests are expanding, storing carbon and supplying sustainable wood.
Deforestation

The surface area of forests in Europe has risen by 9% in the last 30 years. Likewise, there are 227 million hectares of forests which cover 35% of land in Europe. 75% of this area is prepared for timber.
Responsible and certified felling is aimed at active regeneration. That is, assisted or natural replanting of “mature” forests. These are trees which have already come to the end of their life cycle and which no longer perform their vital functions entirely, among which is absorbing Co2. Therefore, wood is used to nurture the regeneration of biodiversity and to provide environmentally-friendly products before they decompose.

Co2 emissions
The average carbon stored in forestry biomass is approximately 155 million tonnes per year . Once the timber is collected it keeps storing carbon for the rest of its life cycle. This amount varies between 2.5 and 8 tonnes per capita , thereby helping reduce Co2 emissions.
Climate Change
There are more and more disasters caused by global warming, such as plagues, snowfalls, blizzards and fires, among other ones, which suddenly damage the forest ecosystem, making active regeneration impossible and affecting the environment. In this case, governments in every country establish sustainable forestry management policies which promote the assisted administration of forests. Subsequently, timber consumption and all its produce is an influencing factor in the sustainable development of the sector. Income from the sale of timber supports most forestry activities and helps conserve forests.
Conclusion
The use of certified timber in construction is rising in Europe. This implies a positive impact on the environment, since a natural resource is in use, the life cycle is extended and the Co2 given off is reduced to the surfeit in timber stock, thereby minimising potential disasters caused by global warming and which nurtures the assisted or natural regeneration of forests.
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